高水平亮点英语句式结构

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所属分类:小学英语资料

不要觉得说起高水平的英语句式都是集中在一些文学名著,学术著作里面,其实时常讲话如果自己英语底子都扎实,也是很能显示档次的。现在传输一些显逼格上档次的口语、书面都适合用的一些句式结构。

高水平亮点英语句式结构

1、to do sth. 不定式做主语

to resolve a dispute means to turn opposing positions into single outcome译文:解决一个冲突意味着把相反的各方变成一个单一的结果。

分析:不定式短语to resolve a dispute 做主语,谓语是means ,不定式短语to turn opposing a positions into a single outcome 做宾语,其中分词opposing 是positions 的定语。

2、 Do not you ···· Are not you ·····?反义疑问句

---Can’t you see?难道你看不见吗? ---No ,I can′t.是的,我看不见。

用情态动词(can/may/must)、系动词be、助动词(do/does/did)等的否定式开头的疑问句叫否定疑问句。(英语作文中如果恰当的运用反义疑问句,会让考官眼前一亮,长短句交错)

解析:表示惊奇、反问以及看法、建议等,有“难道不……?”之意。回答这类问句时,回答是肯定的,用yes,是否定的就用no.

3、It+v.(+to sb.)+ that从句 

(1)常用动词或短语有appear, seem, come about, emerge, follow, chance, happen, occur, transpire, turn out, work out等。如: 

It (so) happened/chanced that they were out.(= They happened/chanced to be out.) 

(2) It +be+ v-ed +that从句 

常用动词有say, report, think, believe, hope, expect, agree, accept, decide, determine, intend, plan, understand, know等。如: 

It is said that the couple have gotten divorced.(=The couple are said to have gotten divorced.) 

4、as well as 做连词连接句式

(1)no less than; equally with等于;不下于;亦;一样好

I have understanding as well as you. 我和你理解的一样好

(2)both......and......;one equally with the other"与"、"两者皆"

Work in moderation is healthy as well as agreeable to the human constitution.适度劳动对身体给予快感,又有益卫生。

(3)与not only......but also有连带关系

He has experience as well as knowledge.= He has not only knowledge but also experience.

5、尝试用感叹句,当然在表达强烈的情感色彩的时候

a. What+a/an+adj.+单数可数n.+主语+谓语! b. What +adj.+复数可数n./不可数n.+主语+谓语!

c. How +adj. /adv.+主语+谓语! d. How+主语+谓语!

感叹句以what和how引导,常用来表示说话时的惊奇、喜悦、气愤等情绪。what用来修饰名词,how用来修饰形容词。

What a lovely boy(he is)! How lovely the boy is!

What beautiful flowers! How time flies!

其实感叹句也是另外特殊意义的倒装句,

6、 so 和 too 以及 such 连接的复句

a. too……to……太······以致不能······

b.(not) enough……to……足够······(不能)去做······

c .so + adj./ adv.+ that d. such +a/an+单数可数名词/复数名词+that

(1)句型a能把两个简单句合并为一个简单句。too是副词,后接形容词或副词,不可接名词。to是不定式符号,后接动词原形。

(2)too…to…是个否定结构,如果在前面加上not或never就成为肯定结构:不太……以致能……

(3)enough…to…是个肯定结构, enough修饰名词时可前置也可后置,修饰形容词或副词时必须后置,to不定式结构作状语。

英语强调句型是由:It+be+被强调部分+ that/who+句子其它部分构成,其中被强调部分可以是句子的主语,宾语,状语,补语等。判断句子是否为真正的强调句型可能采取复原法,即把功能性词,it,be,that都去掉,再看剩下被强调部分是否为被强调部分。

例如:It was the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are.把这个句子结构性词都去掉后为:matters not where you come from or what you are.这个句子缺少主语,刚好被强调部分the ability to do the job可以做这个句子的主语

勤奋刻苦的童鞋们,还不赶紧copy走,或者拿个小本本记着,以后肯定用得着!冰冻三尺非一日之寒,学习英语也需要由少到多慢慢的积累。

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